Fibers made from synthetic material, synthetic fibers. There are always new fiber developed which include clothing is made. They are often used together with other natural fibers, for example, to obtain a stronger fabric. The oldest and best known is probably nylon, but there have been quite a few types of synthetic fibers for textile use. An overview.
Synthetic Textile Fibers: Origin
Fully synthetic fibers are made of a substance not found in nature and synthetic fibers. They are made from natural gas and petroleum. The first material that was developed is the best known: nylon.
Nylon is the name of a group of chemicals, synthetic polymers, also called polyamides. Nylon on the brand in 1938 applied for a patent by the DuPont Company and has since sold that year. The biggest producers of polyamide are South Korea, Japan and China.
Nylon in our society no longer is ignored: there are many products manufactured in various industries, such as textiles. It is the synthetic alternative to silk. The most famous example of synthetic clothing is of course the pantyhose, the successor of the stockings or nylons. Since the invention of nylon, a large number of synthetic fibers developed which are used in home textiles, household textiles and clothing, including sportswear.
Advantages And Disadvantages Of Synthetic Fibers
The main advantage of synthetic fibers is that they are much more resistant to wear and easier to clean than fibers of natural origin such as cotton. In so doing, textiles made from synthetic fibers ease of use. Disadvantages are that fossil fuels are necessary for the production, petroleum, and that it results in chemicals used could harm humans and the environment. There are standards for the use of these substances, producers can also obtain environmental certification and must meet certain requirements.
Synthetic Textile Fibers: An Overview
Today there are many types of synthetic fiber developed and there are still new ones. It’s impossible to list them all, but here are a few:
Acrylic / acrylic / Dralon is a strong, soft fiber that looks a lot like wool, is resistant to wear. It is warm to wear. Although it does not shrink, Acrylic can not be hot washed, not dried in the sun, nor in the dryer. Ironing should be done carefully. It is often used as mixing and fiber for clothing such as hats, scarves, sweaters and blankets. Dralon is a brand of acrylic fiber from Bayer.
Fleece is based polyethylene, which has fifteen years is known. The word “fleece” is English for fur, and refers to the soft look of this substance. By the technique with which it is designed to get the special properties: it is loose knit and then washed. This shrinks the fabric and it goes on like a lambskin. So a sort of felting. Thus textile obtained warm, breathable, and lightweight and dries quickly. Fleece is not windproof, although the addition of a membrane between two layers of it is to be achieved. There are different types of fleece and sweaters and vests of this material are well known.
Lycra: A fiber made of polyurethane, a synthetic rubber. Other names under which it is known elastane, Dorlastan, Spandex. It has an elongation of 500-600%, the largest of all materials in textiles. Widely used for swimwear, sportswear, elastic cuffs, socks. It is also combined with other materials such as woven or knitted cotton garments to give light stretchability and thus increasing comfort. Usually it is transparent, glossy and stiff. It should not be hot washed.
Microfiber is made of polyester and polyamide. If the fabric is woven or knitted, but also non-woven are (a membrane). It feels soft, like a natural substance. Textiles made of this lightweight, strong, elastic, waterproof, breathable, shrink resistant, dimensionally stable, easy to clean and quick drying. It is widely used for functional clothing such as sports and rainwear, and wipes and mops for wet and dry cleaning.
Polyamide / Nylon is lightweight, easy to fold. It is strong, it will not tear, it does not crease, retains its shape and dries quickly. It is elastic and water repellent. It should not be warmer than 40 degrees and not washed into the dryer.
Polyester is a sleek, lightweight, durable fabric that feels soft. It is dimensionally stable, retains its color and good durability. This material does not absorb moisture as well, so it is little breathing is not really hot and can be static. It can be washed at 40 degrees, it dries very quickly and ironing is not necessary.
SympaTex is a polyester-like fiber, polybutylene terephthalate, which is a strong fabric that is waterproof and breathable. It is often used to reinforce clothing. It could be used for coats against the rain should be.
“Synthetic” may sound to some rather negative, but that is not always justified. There are constantly new materials and comfort of these fibers is often effective. However, some people suffer from some synthetic fibers. This is because moisture then released through sweating is not always well absorbed by the fibers, causing skin irritation can occur. This may be redness, itching, hives or eczema occurs. It is better not to wear synthetic fibers. People who sweat excessively are also better natural fibers such as cotton and linen wear.